IP 607: Automotive fuels - Determination of iodine value in FAME - Calculation method from gas chromatographic data

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  • Published: June 2013
  • REF/ISBN: IP607-2936900
  • Edition:
  • Status: New

Scope

This European Standard specifies a calculation procedure for the determination of Iodine value (‘CIV’ - ‘calculated iodine value’), of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) to be used either as automotive or heating fuel for diesel engines as specified in EN 14214 [2] or as an extender for automotive fuel for diesel engines as specified in EN 590 [4].

This procedure has originally been described in Annex B of EN 14214:2008 [2]. The calculation procedure is now specified for methyl esters between C14 and C24. The calculation procedure uses as data entry the results from the gas chromatography determination (GC) according to EN 14103 of individual fatty acid methyl esters and is based on AOCS recommended practice Cd 1c – 85 for the determination of the iodine value of edible oil from its fatty acid composition. It is important to recognise that the latest version of EN 14103 is to be used for the determination of individual FAME components.

NOTE 1 Experience from the field and from several precision evaluation campaigns in Germany and elsewhere indicates that the results of the determination of iodine value by calculation specified here are very close to results obtained by titration with Wijs solvent according to EN 14111. Observed small differences were always found to be smaller than the reproducibility published in the actual EN 14111.

For informative purposes only, but not for cases of dispute, EN 14331 [5] may also be used to extract the FAME contents from FAME containing diesel fuels (like B5, B7, B30, etc.) and to use the contents of the individual FAME components from this method as data entry for the calculation specified in this European Standard.

In principle, other fatty acid alkyl esters can also be analysed. However, neither the close correlation to the titration method EN 14111 has been verified nor is any precision information available for such an extension of application range.

NOTE 2 For the purposes of this European Standard, the term ‘% (m/m)’ is used to represent the mass fraction, μ, of a material.

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