Model Code of Safe Practice Part 19: Fire precautions at petroleum refineries and bulk storage installations

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  • Published: November 2012
  • REF/ISBN: 9780852936344
  • Edition: 3rd
  • Status: New

EI Fire precautions at petroleum refineries and bulk storage installations (EI 19) provides guidance on selecting, implementing and monitoring the continuing performance of installation-specific justified risk reduction measures – from prevention through detection, protection systems to mitigation measures – to reduce the risk from design event fires at installations that process and store crude oil, petroleum, intermediates and refined products.

It supersedes the second edition of this publication which was being finalised at the time of the Buncefield bulk storage installation major accident in December 2005. Since then there have been changes in the regulatory approach to fire precautions at such installations, encompassing fire prevention measures, incident detection techniques, fire protection, fire-fighting and response and emergency planning requirements. Among others, there have also been major changes in EI 19 to:

  • Enhance guidance on consideration of environmental impacts of fire-fighting and the need for environmental risk assessment; in particular, containment system capacity and firewater management.
  • Provide guidance on fire response for ethanol and related polar substance handling/storage; in particular, pertinent foam types.
  • Include guidance on potential scenarios, the role of congestion, incident consequences and examples of substances with a propensity to form large flammable vapour clouds.
  • Clarify basis for determining whether scenarios are credible by referencing their likelihood to risk tolerability criteria.
  • Enhance guidance on detection systems.
  • Define need for a policy on passive fire protection (PFP).
  • Provide guidance on PFP maintenance.
  • Provide guidance on fire water systems.
  • Provide guidance on vulnerability and siting of critical equipment and resources.
  • Provide guidance on typical fire and explosion hazard management (detection and protection) measures for road and rail tanker loading racks/gantries.
  • Enhance guidance on water supply requirements.
  • Revise minimum foam solution application rates and consider foam application to prevent boilover.

The guidance in this publication should assist process safety engineers, safety advisors, designers, emergency planners or others with responsibility for fire and explosion hazard management to meet the pertinent requirements of the European Seveso II Directive, whether installations are classified lower or upper tier.

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