IP 480: Petroleum products – Determination of boiling range distribution by gas chromatography method – Part 1: Middle distillates and lubricating base oils

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  • Method adopted/last revised:
  • Method reapproved: None
  • Status: Current
  • First printed in STM books: June 2022

This document specifies a method for the determination of the boiling range distribution of petroleum products by capillary gas chromatography using flame ionization detection. The standard is applicable to materials having a vapour pressure low enough to permit sampling at ambient temperature and a boiling range of at least 100 °C. The standard is applicable to distillates with initial boiling points (IBP) above 100 °C and final boiling points (FBP) below 750 °C, for example, middle distillates and lubricating base stocks.

The test method is not applicable for the analysis of petroleum or petroleum products containing low molecular weight components (for example naphtha’s, reformates, gasolines) or middle distillates like Diesel and Jet fuel. Petroleum or petroleum products containing blending components which contain heteroatoms (for example alcohols, ethers, acids, or esters) or residue are not to be analysed by this test method.

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