API/EI Research report Verification of lightning protection requirements for above ground hydrocarbon storage tanks

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Collates a number of research reports investigating the lightning phenomena and the adequacy of lightning protection requirements on above ground hydrocarbon storage tanks.

These are summarised below:

  • Review of lightning phenomena and the interaction with above ground storage tanks
  • Review of tank base earthing and test current recommendations
  • Lightning tests to tank shell/shunt samples
  • Visits to oil refinery A and B
  • Review of burn-through and hot-spot effects on metallic tank skins from lightning strikes
  • Lightning simulation testing to determine the required characteristics for roof bonding cables on external floating roof above ground storage tanks
  • Investigative tests on the lightning protection of submerged shunts with parallel roof bonding cables

This publication provides detailed background information for all those involved in mitigating the effects of lightning strikes at above ground fuel storage facilities.

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